Reading and Phonics

When we recognise the sounds (phonemes) that letters represent and join them together we are decoding text and using phonics to read.

At Woodgrange we believe this is only one of the strategies we use to learn to read.


In Reception classes children have a daily Phonics session each morning. 

In KS1 the teaching of phonics takes place within an English lesson. In both cases children are taught in whole class groups.


English is complicated and there are many ways to represent the same sound e.g.  ay/ ai/ a_e (cake) etc. Children are taught all of these different ways in their phonics lessons. In each session children get to learn phonemes and apply them- using their fingers to sound out words.

The teaching Sequence

We start to teach phonics in Nursery through songs, games, rhymes and stories. Sessions become more focused as the children move into Reception and are very sharply focused in years 1 and 2.

We follow the teaching sequence set out in LETTERS and SOUNDS.
Children learn sets of sounds as they progress through phases.
In Nursery children are learning in Phases 1 
In reception children are learning in phases 2 through to 4.
We expect children to move rapidly through the remaining phases (up to 6) in key Stage 1.

Some words cannot be decoded- they are irregular e.g. was/ the/ go. These are gradually taught as whole (tricky or common exception) words.

Assessing progress

Throughout the year children are assessed to see if they have learned the new phonemes and teaching is adjusted accordingly.

Phonics is not the only way to learn to read. It does not work for all children.

The wider skills for reading are taught through Guided reading and in Literacy lessons.